7 Nutrition and Dietetics Career Paths
The best way to have a career in nutrition is to become a dietitian. That gives you access to careers within and connected to the Australian healthcare system. But alternative career paths are also available for nutritionists.
Just to be clear, in Australia (as in America), anyone is able to call themselves a "nutritionist". On the other hand, a "dietitian" must have completed at least 4 years of science-based university study. Advertised jobs in the nutrition field are usually only open to dietitians.
A clinical dietitian designs nutrition programs to improve or maintain patient health. For an individual patient, a nutrition program may be needed to deal with a short-term medical issue (e.g. before or after an operation), a chronic problem (e.g. diabetes) or for disease prevention (e.g. preventing disease of the heart, kidney or liver). Dietitian work settings include hospitals, public clinics and private medical practices. To achieve good outcomes, clinical dietitians combine medical treatment knowledge with patient-focused counselling and education.
Job titles: accredited practising dietitian, dietitian, dietitian (grade 2), dietitian team leader, nutrition and dietetic assistant, private practice dietitian, senior dietitian.
Food and Nutrition Sales
Nutritionists are employed in sales-related positions in the food, beverages and supplements industries. They can be retail positions, such as working in an organic food store or marketing products online. Job opportunities also arise in product development and business-to-business sales in large companies. A formal education in nutrition may not be required in many cases and you could be competing with graduates from other disciplines (such as business or allied health).
Job titles: food and nutrition sales consultant, health blogger, health store manager, ingredients account manager, nutrition consultant, nutritionist, practitioner sales consultant, product manager.
Many food preparation roles call for applicants to have experience and understanding in the fields of dietetics, nutrition and allergen management. These include catering and cooking positions in industries such as aged care, childcare and healthy eating. To succeed, you need excellent skills in other areas, such as commercial cooking and services management.
Job titles: aged care catering staff, aged care cook, catering manager, chef / cook, childcare cook, development chef, food services assistant.
Food technologist are the scientists / engineers of the nutrition sector. Often they have a science degree with a major in food science, biochemistry, microbiology or chemistry. The job is to research, develop and oversee the production of food stuffs. Products must be produced safely and be of the claimed quality, meeting all regulatory requirements. As a food technologist, you may work mainly in product development (such as testing new recipes and ingredients) or on the production side (working with manufacturing staff).
Job titles: consumer quality coordinator, development technologist, factory hygienist, food concept and innovation technologist, food manufacture risk analyst, food services technologist, food technologist, liquid development technologist, product development technologist, quality systems technologist.
Health and Diet Advisor
Nutritionists are able to offer health and nutrition advice to people outside of a clinical setting. They can do this, for example, in health food stores, health and wellness centres, fitness centres, to corporate clients, and in private nutrition practice. The nutritionist considers the client’s lifestyle, dietary habits and general health in order to provide personalised advice. Recommendations could cover nutrition as well as other factors such as exercise and lifestyle.
Job titles: dietitian, health coach, nutritionist, private practice dietitian, private practice nutritionist.
Nutrition knowledge and experience is valuable for health promotion roles where having a better diet is a central message. Positions are most often offered in government departments and other publicly funded institutions. The role may draw on nutrition knowledge and enthusiasm while, realistically, tasks can be concentrated in administration, organisation and communication.
Job titles: healthy diet program assistant, health promotion officer, population health promotion officer, public health manager.
Although an accredited dietitian is equipped to handle most types of clinical work, specialisations exist within the discipline. To become a specialist, you generally need to complete extensive complementary or advanced studies. Specialists may focus on certain groups (such as the young or elderly), the treatment of specific problems (e.g. diabetes) or holistic healthcare (e.g. sports).
Job titles: bariatric dietitian, diabetes educator, dietitian for paediatric feeding, graduate paediatric dietitian, sports dietitian.